Stroller Brigade Phthalate Results
Healthystuff.org screened a variety of products for phthalates. These products were purchased from 9 retailers including the Dollar Tree Stores, Inc., Dunham's Sports, Home Depot, K-Mart, Lowes, MC Sports, Target, Walgreens, and Walmart. The products range from household, kitchen and office supplies to children’s products and exercise equipment.
- 3lb Dumbbells by Empower sold at MC Sports had 41% DEHP;
- Earphones sold at the Dollar Tree Stores had 30% DEHP and .04% DBP;
- Royelle Sheffley vinyl flooring by Armstrong sold at Home Depot had 7% BBP, .01% DBP, .02% DINP;
- Sentinel Stone vinyl flooring by Armstrong sold at Home Depot had 7% BBP, .01 % DBP, and 14% DINP.
Images of Products
What are the hazards of phthalates?
Phthalates are a group of industrial chemicals that add flexibility and resilience to many consumer products. Phthalate plasticizers are not chemically bound to PVC, but can leach, migrate, or evaporate into indoor air and atmosphere, foodstuff, and other materials. Phthalates have endocrine-disrupting properties, meaning that they can disturb normal hormonal processes, often at low levels of exposure (EPA 2007). Human exposure can occur by eating and drinking foods that have been in contact with containers and products that contain phthalates, by breathing air that contains phthalate vapors (CDC, 2013), and through dermal exposure (Heudorf, 2007). Infants and children are exposed to phthalates when mouthing plastic toys or using a plastic eating containers (EPA 2007). The two most common phthalates used in childrens products are are Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) and Diisononyl phthalate (DINP).
Other common phthalates found in consumer products are Dimethyl phthalate (DMP), Di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP), Diethyl phthalate (DEP), Diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP), and Di-n-octylphthalate (DNOP). Of particular concern are DEHP and benzylbutyl phthalate (BBP), and DBP, and very likely DEP. Both DEHP and BBP are primarily used as plasticizers in polyvinyl chloride (PVC)-based plastics, as well as other flexible plastics, and found in some tablecloths, furniture, vinyl flooring, shower curtains, wall papers, garden hoses, inflatable swimming pools, plastic clothing such as raincoats, children's toys, automobile upholstery and tops, medical tubing, and blood storage bags. DEP and DBP are used in non-plastic consumer items as fixatives, detergents, lubricating oils, and solvents and can be found in carpets, paints, glue, insect repellents, time release capsules, and personal care products such as soap, shampoo, hair spray, nail polish, deodorants, and fragrances. CPSC recently reviewed the health impact for some of the major phthalates (Babich, 2010 ). The chart below, for example, shows the toxicological endpoints of phthalates.