Product Safety

maia is an initial screening of chemicals in products for a handful of hazardous chemicals. There are a number of chemicals of concern that the x-ray fluorescence (XRF) device and cannot detect. For example, there has been much concern recently about bisphenol A, a component of polycarbonate plastic. The XRF is not able to detect bisphenol A, nor can it identify polycarbonate. In addition, the XRF cannot detect phthalates, a family of chemicals of concern, although we have used the presence of PVC plastic as a surrogate for the possible presence of phthalates. The CPSC regulated six phthalates for the first time beginning in 2009 in toys for children under 12 and childcare products for children under 3. See a summary of provisions of the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (PDF).

Even if a product was found to have a LOW rating for the chemicals tested on, it does not necessarily mean the product is safe. Poorly designed or manufactured products can cause falls, choking, strangulation, burns, drowning, and poisoning. In addition, the XRF can only test for a subset of known chemicals of concern.

Toxics in Products

Product Recalls



It is important to note that lead in toys is only one source of lead exposure for children. The largest source of lead for most children is still paint in older homes.  For more information on the safety of toys and childcare products, check out:

For the latest on toys or childcare products recalled for any reason, see: http:

If you suspect that a product is unsafe, or to report an unsafe product, contact the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) on the internet, or by phone: or 1-800-636-CPSC. To receive email recall alerts from CPSC, visit:


Children's Car Seats & Other Products

Pet Products

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) provides consumer updates and timely articles covering pet product approvals, safety warnings, and other health information for you and your family.

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